During much of its history, the Cusabo, a group of tribes with familiar names like Edisto, Kiawah, Stono, and Wando, were native to the South Carolina coast. Before English settlers arrived in the area, about 1000 Cusabo enjoyed the wealth of fish and game available in the Charleston Harbor Watershed.
The watershed familiar to the Cusabo included 1400 square miles of hardwood and longleaf pine forests, roamed by cougars, red wolves, and white-tailed deer. Salt and freshwater marshlands were drained by pristine rivers and streams. Abundant fish and oysters were found from Shem Creek up to the Wando River and along the tidally influenced portions of the Ashley and Cooper Rivers. Learn more about the history and economics of our watershed.